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Monday 27 August 2007

Indirect mechanism of histamine-induced nociception in temporomandibular joint of rats.

By: Ting E, Roveroni RC, Ferrari LF, Lotufo CM, Veiga MC, Parada CA, Tambeli CH.

Life Sci 2007 Aug;81(9):765-71

A considerable amount of evidence suggests that temporomandibular joint (TMJ) pain associated with temporomandibular disorder results, at least in part, from an inflammatory episode. Although histamine can cause pain, it is not clear whether this mediator induces nociception in the TMJ. In this study, we investigated the contribution of endogenous histamine to formalin-induced nociception in the TMJ of rats. We also investigated whether the administration of histamine induces nociception in the TMJ and, if so, whether this effect is mediated by an indirect action on primary afferent nociceptors. Local administration of the H1-receptor antagonist pyrilamine prevented formalin-induced nociception in the TMJ in a dose-dependent manner. Local administration of histamine (250 microg) in the TMJ induced nociceptive behavior that was inhibited by co-administration of the lidocaine N-ethyl bromide quaternary salt QX-314 (2%) or the selective H1-receptor antagonist pyrilamine (400 microg). Nociception induced by histamine was also inhibited by pre-treatment with sodium cromoglycate (800 microg) and by co-administration of the 5-HT(3) receptor antagonist tropisetron (400 mug), while pyrilamine (400 mug) did not inhibit nociception induced by 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT, 250 microg) in the TMJ. Furthermore, histamine, in a dose that did not induce nociception by itself, strongly enhanced 5-HT-induced nociception. Finally, the administration of a sub-threshold dose of 5-HT (100 microg), but not of histamine (100 microg), elicited nociception in the TMJ previously challenged with the inflammatory agent carrageenan (100 microg). In conclusion, these data suggest that histamine induces TMJ nociception by an indirect mechanism involving endogenous release of 5-HT and activation of 5-HT(3) receptors on sensory afferents. It is proposed that histamine activates the H1 receptor to induce the release of 5-HT which depolarizes the nociceptor by activating 5-HT(3) receptor.

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